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St Joseph's Catholic

Primary School

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Science task

You have tracked the sun throughout the day and recognised that the sun gets higher throughout the hours in the day and then decends as it comes to sunset. 

You have learnt the difference between rotation which causes the 24 hours in 1 day and therefore day and night. You have learnt that the sun moves in 2 different ways. It rotates on it's axis like a spinning top but it also revolves - moves around the sun making the seasons and taking averagely 365 days to make 1 year. 

These tasks look into what causes the weather changes when the earth revolves around  the sun. 


The second clip on this video is useful to support the learning.

Task 1

Which Month belongs to each season? Discuss what events you know of in the 12 months of the year. What is the weather like at this time? How does the things you know help you to put the months in the correct season?

Cut up the season wheel and put it back together making sure that the months are in their correct UK season. Alternatively make your own wheel.


Task 2

Because of this the UK has four seasons: Summer when the northern hemisphere, where the UK is, is tilted towards the Sun. Autumn as the northern hemisphere begins to tilt away from the Sun. Winter when the northern hemisphere is fully tilted away from the Sun.


Technically, the day does not get shorter, but daylight gets shorter. That's because of the earth's rotation. When the earth rotates in a certain way, the daylight gets longer and shorter. ... The length of the day changes from season to season due to the Earth's axial tilt.


Look at the hours of UK sunlight and answer the following questions:

  1. Which month has the most sunlight? What season is this month in?

EXT Why does this season have the most sunlight? (Where is the northern hemisphere facing?)

  1. Which month has the least amount sunlight? What season is this month in?

EXT Why does this season have the least amount sunlight? (Where is the northern hemisphere facing?)


Task 3

Have a look at the image of the earth revolving round the sun. Thinking about where it is facing label the seasons on the image. EXT – explain why you think you have made the right label? Why? Is the UK facing the sun or away from it?


Task 2 - sunlight hours / daylight hours each month